역사

본문 바로가기
사이트 내 전체검색

사이트 내 전체검색

역사 및 정부
역사

1155년


The first missionaries arrive in Finland from Sweden. Finland becomes part of the Swedish realm.


1809년


Sweden surrenders Finland to Russia. The Czar declares Finland a semi-autonomous Grand Duchy with himself as constitutional monarch represented by a governor general.


1917년


Finland declares independence from Russia on December 6.


1919년


The constitution is adopted and Finland becomes a republic with a president as head of state.


1939-40년


40 The Soviet Union attacks Finland and the Winter War is fought.


1941-44년


Fighting between Finnish and Soviet forces resumes in the Continuation War. Some territory is ceded to the Soviet Union but Finland is never occupied and preserves its independence and sovereignty.


1955년


Finland joins the United Nations and in 1956 the Nordic Council.


Finland becomes a member of the European Union.

The head of state is the President of the Republic. The President is elected for a six-year term by direct popular vote. The incumbent, President Mrs. Tarja Halonen, was elected in 2000.



Brief history of Helsinki


The town of Helsinki was founded by King Gustavus Vasa of Sweden (which Finland belonged to for many centuries) as a new trading post in southern Finland and a competitor to Tallinn in Estonia, the Hanseatic city on the opposite shore of the Gulf of Finland. The King then ordered the burghers of Rauma, Porvoo and Tammisaari to move to Helsinki; the date on which this order was issued, 12.6.1550, is regarded as the date on which the city was founded.


Helsinki was proclaimed the Finnish capital in 1812 and Finland's only university which had been founded in Turku in 1640, was transferred to Helsinki in 1812.


Devastated by fire, the town was completely rebuilt in a style worthy of a capital. Placed in charge of the rebuilding project were Johan Albrecht Ehrenstr?, a native of Helsinki, and the German-born architect Carl Ludwig Engel, who together gave the city its monumental Empire-style centre. The most conspicuous building in the Empire centre is the Cathedral, completed in 1852.



Helsinki becomes the Capital of Finland


Helsinki soon became an administrative, university and garrison town, and the biggest industrial city in the land. By the beginning of the 20th century it had a population of over 100,000.


Helsinki Olympic Stadium was completed in 1938, but the games were postponed due to the war; Helsinki went on to host the games in 1952.


Helsinki has ample experience of hosting major political conferences. In 1975, Helsinki hosted the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE). The first U.S.-Soviet summit took place in Helsinki in 1990, when President George Bush met President Mikhail Gorbachev.


접속자집계

오늘
77
어제
70
최대
404
전체
46,433
이메일 : hwangdaejinfin@gmail.com | Tel : +358-(0)40-550-6959 , +358-(0)9 342-2676 | Fax : +358-(0)9 342 1882
Copyright © finland.korean.net. All rights reserved.
If you have any question or comments, contact to Webmaster.
TOP
상단으로
X