5.2 million, 17 inhabitants per square kilometre 67% live in towns or urban areas, 33% in rural areas.
Principal cities: Helsinki (560,000), Espoo (221,000), Tampere (199,000), Vantaa (182,000), Turku(174,000) and Oulu (124,000)
About one million people live in the Helsinki metropolitan area
Finland has a Sami (Lapp) population of 6,500
The population of Finland is approximately 5 200 000.
Finland is the sixth largest country in Europe in area, with a low population density of 17 persons per square kilometre. Most Finns, some 67 %, now live in urban areas, while 33 % remain in a rural environment.
The three cities of Helsinki, the capital, population 560 000, Espoo, 216 900, and Vantaa, 179 900, form the fast growing Helsinki metropolitan region, which is now home to roughly a sixth of the country's total population.
Other important cities are Tampere, 197 800, Turku, 173 700, and in the north Oulu, 123 300. There are about 1.4 million families in Finland.
Among families with children the average number of offspring is 1.8. In 1960 the figure was 2.27. In 1999 women made up 52% of the total work force of 2.5 million.
Their average earnings were 81 % of average male earnings.
Women on average outlive men in Finland.
Average life expectancy for females is 81 years and for males 74 years. In the parliamentary elections of 1999 women won 74 of the 200 seats.